Victor Red Seal 78 RPM Records

Before Victor introduced its Red Seal (Label) line in 1903 the phonograph was considered simply a novelty, not a serious medium by which to enjoy music. Technological progression was making records longer with better sound but one crucial factor was still missing, high talent. Well-established artists, especially the Classical and Opera ones, felt the phonograph couldn't reproduce their performances with justice. The earliest field was thus left to a generation of unknown performers who became famous through the phonograph. As the new century dawned, the record companies sent representatives out to change that.

Victor's affiliate in Europe, the Gramophone and Typewriter Company, was the first to record known celebrities on a major basis. They also came up with the Red Label idea in order to highlight this distinguished series, with a steeper retail price of course. Victor adopted this idea, patented it in the States and even kept other companies from using a red label for some time. The earliest Red Seals were imported from G&T but a studio was soon set up in Carnegie Hall to produce some domestics before production commenced at Victor's regular studio. Francesco Tamango, Nellie Melba and Antonio Scotti were among these earliest artists with Tamango commanding a whopping $5 for his records. Other impressive prices were had, topping out at $7 for a celebrity gathering in the "Lucia-Sextet". Yet, new talent was still welcome and promoted. Enrico Caruso, a heretofore-unknown Opera singer from Italy, first recorded in 1902 and quickly became the most celebrated artist of the Red Seal line, the Acoustic Recording Era and of the whole Opera world in the Twentieth Century. He and other Red Seal artists were largely responsible for finally making the phonograph a respectable medium.

Victor's Red Seal line was well served by the twelve-inch disc and was produced in abundance as such until nearly the end of the 78 RPM Era. However, ten-inchers are common too. Eldridge R. Johnson and Victor resisted making double-sided Red Seals until 1923, when all were doubled-up, because they felt the music was so exclusive. They were made in the 33-1/3 RPM format starting in 1950 and eventually found their way to Compact Discs and the modern formats of today. For the purpose of this section and website though, 1933 is the cutoff date. That's not a special year for this kind of music but it syncs with the end of the Jazz Age and changing landscape of the Great Depression.

This page covers the 88000 series from 88001 to 88665 with release dates ranging from 1906 to 1923, though a few sides were recorded before then. These discs are twelve-inches in diameter and single-sided. They retailed for $3.00 until 1919, when they were reduced to $1.50 (but increased briefly to $1.75 during the early 1920s due to a shellac shortage) and at their end to 90˘ during the 1925-26 clearance of acoustic recordings.

Encoded Speed: 192 Kbps

Nozze di Figaro - Deh viene non tardar
("Oh Come my Heart's Delight!")
Marcella Sembrich
Victor 88020
Matrix# C-3362, Take 1
May 5, 1906
New York, New York

Faust - Air des bijoux
(Jewel Song)
Marcella Sembrich
Victor 88024
Matrix# C-3360, Take 1
May 4, 1906
New York, New York
Note: Very worn.

Pagliacci - Prologo (Blank)
Antonio Scotti
Victor 88029
Matrix# C-3175, Take 5
October 5, 1909
Camden, New Jersey

Pagliacci - Vesti la giubba (Blank)

(Notes from the back of a later re-release, not this disc)
Enrico Caruso
Victor 88061
Matrix# C-4317, Take 1
March 17, 1907
New York, New York

Good Bye (Blank)
Victor 88065
Matrix# C-4340, Take 1
March 27, 1907
New York, New York

Faust - Air des bijoux (Jewel Song) (Blank)
Victor 88066
Matrix# C-4338, Take 2
March 27, 1907
New York, New York
Note: Worn.

Rigoletto - Caro nome
Victor 88078
Matrix# C-4283, Take 2
March 5, 1907
New York, New York

Mignon - Connais-tu le pays (Knowest Thou the Land) (Act 1)
Marcella Sembrich
Victor 88098
Matrix# C-4872, Take 1
October 9, 1907
New York, New York
Note: Baton audible before song.

(1) Don Giovanni - Serenata, "Deh vieni alla finestra" (Open Thy Window, Love) (Mozart)
(2) Falstaff - Quand' ero paggio (When I Was Page) (Verdi)
Antonio Scotti
Victor 88194
Matrix# C-8281, Take 1
October 6, 1909
Camden, New Jersey

Good Bye (Addio)
Enrico Caruso
Victor 88280
Matrix# C-9747, Take 1
December 29, 1910
Camden, New Jersey
Note: Worn.

Perle du Brésil - Charmant Oiseau
Luisa Tetrazzini
Victor 88318
Matrix# C-10072, Take 1
March 17, 1911
Camden, New Jersey
Note: 4:50 minutes in length, small label!
Hairline crack first minute in, barely audible.

Dreams of Long Ago
Enrico Caruso
Victor 88376
Matrix# C-11616, Take 3
April 18, 1912
Camden, New Jersey

Comin' Thro' the Rye
Marcella Sembrich
Victor 88390
Matrix# C-12474, Take 1
October 4, 1912
Camden, New Jersey
Note: Needle dig at 0:21.

Ave Maria
Emmy Destinn
Victor 88562
Matrix# C-17498, Take 1
April 14, 1916
New York, New York

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