Brunswick Records
1916-

The J. M. Brunswick Manufacturing Company was founded in 1845. John Moses Brunswick originally wanted to manufacture carriages but soon turned to billiard tables. That proved a great success and in the following decades the company merged with competitors to become the Brunswick-Balke-Collender Company in 1884. It expanded into other fields such as bowling equipment and furniture. In the 1910s, phonograph cabinets were added.

Clients included Edison and Pathé but Brunswick soon wanted to enter the phonograph business for itself. Production of machines began in 1916 but the U.S. production of records had to wait for a few more years before crucial patents owned by the Big Three expired. In the meantime, Brunswick used its long experience in wood-working and machining to build well-crafted phonographs that could play all three major disc formats (lateral, Edison vertical and Pathé vertical) using its own Ultona Reproducer. Edison didn't like that and cautioned buyers that a groove-propelled tonearm, opposed to an arm geared to the motor like in Edison models, could damage Diamond Discs. There can be some truth to that depending on the conditions of play and opinion of modern collectors. However, Pathé was more enthusiastic and even set up an agreement to have Brunswick dealers sell Pathé records exclusively. At this time, Brunswick was also allowed to manufacture records using the Pathé cut and sell them in Canada.

The lateral cut patent expired in 1919 and Brunswick, as well as other companies, were finally able to enter this mainstream market of recording in the U.S. Its studios produced very well-recorded material but pressed it on shellac of slightly less quality than Victor or Columbia. Acoustic-era records in good condition often sound better than those of the Big Three, capturing more highs and lows. Brunswick quickly replaced Edison to become a member of that club. It produced 10 and 12-inch discs across many genres. It signed big names like Isham Jones, Abe Lyman, Marion Harris and Gene Rodemich in these first few years.

In 1925, Brunswick introduced electrical recording alongside its great rivals. However, Victor and Columbia had exclusive licenses for Western Electric's system so it leased its own method from General Electric and called it the "Light-Ray Process". To avoid infringement, it involved the extra step of converting sound into pulses of light before a photoelectric cell turned that into electricity. Then the signal was sent to the amplifier and cutter. This greatly reduced the aural quality and takes were often rejected, especially when the music was more complex such as in the Classical genre. What was issued was often tinny and stereotypical of what 1920s music sounds like to the layperson today. Studio engineers improved upon it somewhat until 1927, when Brunswick was able to license a new system from GE using a more conventional microphone.

Being a Midwestern company based in Chicago, Brunswick was able to really illuminate its star roster in the late 1920s as jazz and blues traveled up the Mississippi River to that city. King Oliver, Red Nichols, Fletcher Henderson, Duke Ellington, and Johnny Dodds were such talent. Ben Bernie, Al Jolson and Harry Reser were other popular names that joined the catalog at this time. Sales began to drop with the Great Depression and in 1930 Brunswick-Balke-Collender sold Brunswick Records to Warner Bros. The film company wanted their own facilities for recording Vitaphone discs, but sound-on-film soon won that format war and Warner in turn sold Brunswick to the American Record Corporation (ARC) by the end of 1931. Yet, this short period saw even more top talent signed like Bing Crosby, Cab Calloway, Glen Gray and the Casa Loma Orchestra, the Mills Brothers, the Boswell Sisters, and Ozzie Nelson. ARC made Brunswick their flagship label during the 1930s, a period where the focus of this website ends. Over the following decades Brunswick would go through several more acquisitions, mothballings, and revivals until the modern day.

Encoded Speed: 192 Kbps

Elegie (Blank)
Archer Chamlee
Brunswick 10003
Matrix# 2980
ca. October 1919
New York, New York

Serenade (Blank)
Max Rosen
Brunswick 10011
Matrix# 3446
ca. January 1920
New York, New York

Souvenir (Blank)
Max Rosen
Brunswick 10012
Matrix# 3219
ca. December 1919
New York, New York
Note: Worn at beginning.

A Young Man's Fancy Alice Blue Gown
Isham Jones Rainbo Orchestra Isham Jones Rainbo Orchestra
Brunswick 5014-A Brunswick 5014-B
Matrix# 3795 (3794 noted in ADBD) Matrix# 3790
June 1920 June 1920
Chicago, Illinois Chicago, Illinois

I Love You Sunday Jing-Bula-Jing-Jing
Isham Jones Rainbo Orchestra Isham Jones Rainbo Orchestra
Brunswick 5031-A Brunswick 5031-B
Matrix# 4241 Matrix# 4237
October 1920 October 1920
Chicago, Illinois Chicago, Illinois
Note: Extremely worn. Note: Played at 79 RPM. Extremely worn.

Ma Wabash Blues
Isham Jones Orchestra Isham Jones Orchestra
Brunswick 5065-A Brunswick 5065-B
Matrix# 6261 Matrix# 6248
September-October 1921 September-October 1921
Chicago, Illinois Chicago, Illinois
Note: Worn. Note: Worn.

Stars What'll You Do
Isham Jones Orchestra Isham Jones Orchestra
Brunswick 5072-A Brunswick 5072-B
Matrix# 6272 Matrix# 6251
September-October 1921 September-October 1921
Chicago, Illinois Chicago, Illinois
Note: Worn. Note: Worn.

National Emblem March Jack Tar March
Brunswick Military Band Brunswick Military Band
Brunswick 2002-A Brunswick 2002-B
Matrix# 3853 2 Matrix# 3301 16
June 1920 December 1919
Note: Hairline cracks near center, barely audible on Side B.
Note: Worn at start. Stressed loud passages.

Ain't We Got Fun Dangerous Blues
Bennie Krueger's Orchestra Bennie Krueger's Orchestra
Brunswick 2109-A Brunswick 2109-B
Matrix# 5784 Matrix# 5779
May-June 1921 May-June 1921
New York, New York New York, New York
Note: Worn. Note: Worn.

I've Got My Habits On School House Blues
Bennie Krueger's Orchestra Bennie Krueger's Orchestra
Brunswick 2181-A Brunswick 2181-B
Matrix# 6948 Matrix# 6945
ca. December 1921 ca. December 1921
New York, New York New York, New York

Swanee Bluebird Sweet Indiana Home
Bennie Krueger's Orchestra Bennie Krueger's Orchestra
Brunswick 2281-A Brunswick 2281-B
Matrix# 8165 Matrix# 8168
ca. May 1922 ca. May 1922
New York, New York New York, New York
Note: Worn. Note: Worn.

Dumbell The Thief
Bennie Krueger's Orchestra Bennie Krueger's Orchestra
Brunswick 2354-A Brunswick 2354-B
Matrix# 9229 Matrix# 9230
ca. November 1922 ca. November 1922
New York, New York New York, New York
Note: Worn. Note: Worn.

Without You Honolulu Blues
Gene Rodemich's Orchestra Oriole Terrace Orchestra (Russo and Fiorito's Oriole Orchestra)
Brunswick 2398-A Brunswick 2398-B
Matrix# 9408 Matrix# 9652
ca. December 1922 ca. January 1923
St. Louis, Missouri (?) New York, New York
Note: Very worn. Note: Very worn.

Swingin' Down The Lane Who's Sorry Now
Isham Jones Orchestra Isham Jones Orchestra
Brunswick 2438-A Brunswick 2438-B
Matrix# 10564 Matrix# 10559
May 4, 1923 May 4, 1923
New York, New York New York, New York

Other Lips Marcheta
Isham Jones Orchestra Isham Jones Orchestra
Brunswick 2439-A Brunswick 2439-B
Matrix# 10552 Matrix# 10556
May 3, 1923 May 4, 1923
New York, New York New York, New York
Note: Worn.

Down Among the Sleepy Hills of Tennessee Don't Cry Swanee
Isham Jones Orchestra Isham Jones Orchestra
Brunswick 2444-A Brunswick 2444-B
Matrix# 10542 Matrix# 10533
May 2, 1923 May 1, 1923
New York, New York New York, New York
Note: Worn. Note: Worn.

Someone Else Walked Right In Blue Hoosier Blues
Isham Jones Orchestra Isham Jones Orchestra
Brunswick 2456-A Brunswick 2456-B
Matrix# 10570 Matrix# 10548
May 4, 1923 May 3, 1923
New York, New York New York, New York
Note: Worn. Note: Worn.

The Merry-Go-Round That Naughty Yodel
Paul Van Dyke Paul Van Dyke
Brunswick 2495-A Brunswick 2495-B
Matrix# 11577 Matrix# 11574
October 1923 October 1923

Last Night On The Old Back Porch Chick-A-Dee
Carl Fenton's Orchestra Carl Fenton's Orchestra
Brunswick 2499-A Brunswick 2499-B
Matrix# 11548 Matrix# 11545
October 5, 1923 October 5, 1923
New York, New York New York, New York

You're in Kentucky Sure as You're Born Hula Lou
Isham Jones Orchestra Isham Jones Orchestra
Brunswick 2557-A Brunswick 2557-B
Matrix# 8/10-CH Matrix# 30/32-CH
January 16, 1924 January 17, 1924
Chicago, Illinois Chicago, Illinois

What Has Become of Hinky Dinky Parlay Voo A Thousand Miles From Here
Carl Fenton's Orchestra Carl Fenton's Orchestra
Brunswick 2618-A Brunswick 2618-B
Matrix# 12929/31 Matrix# 12932/4
April 18, 1924 April 18, 1924
New York, New York New York, New York
Note: Edge crack 3/4-inch in and hairline crack near center, not audible. Worn, A-side moreso.

Helen Gone Springtime Rag
Vic Meyers and His Orchestra Vic Meyers and His Orchestra
Brunswick 2630-A Brunswick 2630-B
Matrix# A-80/82 Matrix# A-41/43
May 13, 1924 May 8, 1924
Los Angeles, California Los Angeles, California
Note: Small edge crack.

Honolou Shanghai Shuffle
Gene Rodemich's Orchestra Gene Rodemich's Orchestra
Brunswick 2760-A Brunswick 2760-B
Matrix# 14053, Take 2 Matrix# 14034, Take 1
October 21, 1924 October 20, 1924
New York, New York New York, New York

Honest and Truly Doo Wacka Doo
Isham Jones Orchestra Isham Jones Orchestra
Brunswick 2767-A Brunswick 2767-B
Matrix# 14330/2 Matrix# 14333/5
November 21, 1924 November 21, 1924
Chicago, Illinois Chicago, Illinois
Note: Record is cracked halfway to the center. Normally I wouldn't post this but I love "Doo Wacka Doo".

Yearning Don't Bring Lulu
Bennie Krueger's Orchestra Bennie Krueger's Orchestra
Brunswick 2859-A Brunswick 2859-B
Matrix# 15193½/5 Matrix# 15196/8
March 16, 1925 March 16, 1925
New York, New York New York, New York
Note: Worn. Note: Worn.

Sing A Song With You, Dear, In Bombay
Charlie Chaplin, Guest Conductor with Abe Lyman's California Orchestra Charlie Chaplin, Guest Conductor with Abe Lyman's California Orchestra
Brunswick 2912-A Brunswick 2912-B
Matrix# 15873; LA-54, Take 2 Matrix# 15852; LA-33, Take 4
May 1925 May 1925
Los Angeles, California Los Angeles, California
Note: Both songs were composed by Chaplin, who also played the violin solos.

Alone at Last Say Arabella
Carl Fenton's Orchestra Carl Fenton's Orchestra
Brunswick 2925-A Brunswick 2925-B
Matrix# 16095/7 Matrix# 16092/4
July 1, 1925 July 1, 1925
New York, New York New York, New York

Normandy Want a Little Lovin'
Abe Lyman's California Orchestra Abe Lyman's California Orchestra
Brunswick 2962-A Brunswick 2962-B
Matrix# E-16664/7 Matrix# E-16668/70
October 12, 1925 October 12, 1925
New York, New York New York, New York
Note: Good example of distortion and EQ problems in early electrical Brunswicks. Note: Worn. Needle dig @ 0:09-0:13.

Sleepy Time Gal A Little Bit Bad
Ben Bernie and His Hotel Roosevelt Orchestra Ben Bernie and His Hotel Roosevelt Orchestra
Brunswick 2992-A Brunswick 2992-B
Matrix# E-17062 Matrix# E-17057
December 7, 1925 December 7, 1925
New York, New York New York, New York
Note: Brunswick was still working on the tinny sound of their new "Light-Ray Process" electrical recordings.

Miami You Forgot to Remember
Al Jolson with Carl Fenton's Orchestra Al Jolson with Carl Fenton's Orchestra
Brunswick 3013-A Brunswick 3013-B
Matrix# E-17178-9 Matrix# E-17174-5
December 21, 1925 December 21, 1925
New York, New York New York, New York
Note: Worn. Note: Very worn.

Bell Hoppin' Blues The Roses Brought Me You
Ben Bernie and His Hotel Roosevelt Orchestra Ben Bernie and His Hotel Roosevelt Orchestra
Brunswick 3082-A Brunswick 3082-B
Matrix# E-17746 Matrix# E-17749-51
January 29, 1926 January 29, 1926
New York, New York New York, New York
Note: Brunswick was getting better at it but the vocal is still tinny.

The Prisoner's Song What Did I Do To You
Regent Club Orchestra Regent Club Orchestra
Brunswick 3093-A Brunswick 3093-B
Matrix# E-18091/3 Matrix# E-18094/6
February 25, 1926 February 25, 1926
New York, New York New York, New York
Note: Worn. Note: Worn.

Home, Sweet Home My Old Kentucky Home
Carl Fenton's Orchestra Carl Fenton's Orchestra
Brunswick 3102-A Brunswick 3102-B
Matrix# E-18467-9 Matrix# E-18465-6
March 18, 1926 March 18, 1926
New York, New York New York, New York
Note: Very worn. Note: Very worn.

Reaching For The Moon Cherie, I Love You
Ben Bernie and His Hotel Roosevelt Orchestra Ben Bernie and His Hotel Roosevelt Orchestra
Brunswick 3170-A Brunswick 3170-B
Matrix# E-18754-6 Matrix# E-18757-9
April 13, 1926 April 13, 1926
New York, New York New York, New York

A Lane in Spain I'll Just Go Along
Vincent Lopez and His Casa Lopez Orchestra Vincent Lopez and His Casa Lopez Orchestra
Brunswick 3517-A Brunswick 3517-B
Matrix# E-22331 Matrix# E-22334
April 9, 1927 April 9, 1927
New York, New York New York, New York

One O'Clock Baby You Know I Love You
Ben Bernie and His Hotel Roosevelt Orchestra Ben Bernie and His Hotel Roosevelt Orchestra
Brunswick 3531-A Brunswick 3531-B
Matrix# E-22339 Matrix# E-22336
April 11, 1927 April 11, 1927
New York, New York New York, New York

Lucky Lindy The Lost French Flyers (Captains Nungesser and Coli)
Vernon Dalhart Vernon Dalhart
Brunswick 3572-A Brunswick 3572-B
Matrix# E-23323-5 Matrix# E-23326-7
May 1927 May 1927
Note: Worn. Note: Worn.

Miss Annabelle Lee Swanee Shore
Ben Bernie and His Hotel Roosevelt Orchestra Ben Bernie and His Hotel Roosevelt Orchestra
Brunswick 3631-A Brunswick 3631-B
Matrix# C-1094 Matrix# C-1099
September 5, 1927 September 5, 1927
Chicago, Illinois Chicago, Illinois
Note: Worn.

Are You Happy? Kiss and Make Up
Vincent Lopez and His Casa Lopez Orchestra Vincent Lopez and His Casa Lopez Orchestra
Brunswick 3643-A Brunswick 3643-B
Matrix# E-24379, Take 1 Matrix# E-24384, Take 1
September 3, 1927 September 3, 1927
New York, New York New York, New York
Note: Surface discoloration, causing swish.

I'm In Heaven When I See You Smile - Diane Worryin'
Regent Club Orchestra Regent Club Orchestra
Brunswick 3692-A Brunswick 3692-B
Matrix# E-24825, Take 2 Matrix# E-24828, Take 2
October 20, 1927 October 20, 1927
New York, New York New York, New York

Farewell Blues Sobbin' Blues
King Oliver and His Dixie Syncopators King Oliver and His Dixie Syncopators
Brunswick 3741-A Brunswick 3741-B
Matrix# E-25352 Matrix# E-25355
November 18, 1927 November 18, 1927
New York, New York New York, New York

Nobody's Sweetheart Avalon
Red Nichols and His Five Pennies Red Nichols and His Five Pennies
Brunswick 3854-A Brunswick 3854-B
Matrix# E-26749 Matrix# E-26693
February 27, 1928 February 25, 1928
New York, New York New York, New York
Note: Very worn. Note: Very worn.

Sweet William and Bad Bill in Chicago Sweet William and Bad Bill in Chicago (Jail)
Sweet William and Bad Bill Sweet William and Bad Bill
Brunswick 3902-A Brunswick 3902-B
Matrix# C-1743 Matrix# C-1744
April 1928 April 1928

Driftwood Bluebird, Sing Me a Song
Abe Lyman's California Orchestra Abe Lyman's California Orchestra
Brunswick 3911-A Brunswick 3911-B
Matrix# C-1737, Take 2 Matrix# C-1740, Take 2
March 28, 1928 March 28, 1928
Chicago, Illinois Chicago, Illinois
Note: Filtering causes distortion of the cymbal crashes, no matter the settings.

My Mammy Dirty Hands! Dirty Face!
Al Jolson with Abe Lyman's California Orchestra Al Jolson with Abe Lyman's California Orchestra
Brunswick 3912-A Brunswick 3912-B
Matrix# C-1832 Matrix# C-1833
ca. March 31, 1928 ca. March 31, 1928
Chicago, Illinois Chicago, Illinois

My Angel Blue Bird Why Don't You Call On Me?
Vincent Lopez and His Casa Lopez Orchestra Vincent Lopez and His Casa Lopez Orchestra
Brunswick 3927-A Brunswick 3927-B
Matrix# E-27433- Matrix# E-27432-
April 26, 1928 April 26, 1928
New York, New York New York, New York

Sonny Boy There's a Rainbow 'Round My Shoulder
Al Jolson Al Jolson
Brunswick 4033-A Brunswick 4033-B
Matrix# LAE-250- Matrix# LAE-249-
August 20, 1928 August 20, 1928
Los Angeles, California Los Angeles, California
Note: Scratch/Pressing error from 1:06-1:35. Note: Scratch/Pressing error from 1:07-1:08.

Once in a Lifetime Blue Shadows
Vincent Lopez and His Casa Lopez Orchestra Vincent Lopez and His Casa Lopez Orchestra
Brunswick 4059-A Brunswick 4059-B
Matrix# E-28261- Matrix# E-28260-
September 18, 1928 September 18, 1928
New York, New York New York, New York

Roses of Picardy Allah's Holiday
Red Nichols and His Five Pennies Red Nichols and His Five Pennies
Brunswick 4286-A Brunswick 4286-B
Matrix# E-29296 Matrix# E-29295-A
February 16, 1929 February 16, 1929
New York, New York New York, New York
Note: Tight cracks to center, hardly audible. Worn.

I've Got A Feeling I'm Falling I Kiss Your Hand, Madame
Ben Bernie and His Hotel Roosevelt Orchestra Ben Bernie and His Hotel Roosevelt Orchestra
Brunswick 4315-A Brunswick 4315-B
Matrix# E-29657- Matrix# E-29656-
Late March 1929 Late March 1929
New York, New York New York, New York

Pagan Love Song Building A Nest For Mary
Copley Plaza Orchestra The Captivators - Direction of Red Nichols
Brunswick 4321-A Brunswick 4321-B
Matrix# E-29562- Matrix# E-29508-
ca. March 29, 1929 March 20, 1929
New York, New York New York, New York

Lover, Come Back to Me! Love Me or Leave Me
Lee Sims Lee Sims
Brunswick 4422-A Brunswick 4422-B
Matrix# C3604 Matrix# C3589
June 1929 June 1929

How Am I To Know? I've Waited A Lifetime For You
Bob Haring and His Orchestra Roy Fox and His Montmartre Orchestra
Brunswick 4495-A Brunswick 4495-B
Matrix# E-30675 Matrix# LAE-582
August 1929 August 7, 1929
New York, New York Los Angeles, California

West Wind The One Girl
Ben Bernie and His Orchestra Ben Bernie and His Orchestra
Brunswick 4662-A Brunswick 4662-B
Matrix# E-31672- Matrix# E-31674-
January 1930 January 1930
New York, New York New York, New York
Note: Worn. Note: Worn.

Take Me Just Another Night With You
Lloyd Huntley and His Isle O' Blues Orchestra Lloyd Huntley and His Isle O' Blues Orchestra
Brunswick 4797-A Brunswick 4797-B
Matrix# C-5720- Matrix# C-5721-
late April 1930 late April 1930
Chicago, Illinois Chicago, Illinois

The Kiss Waltz Sharing
Ben Bernie and His Orchestra Ben Bernie and His Orchestra
Brunswick 4837-A Brunswick 4837-B
Matrix# LAE-809- Matrix# LAE-808-
May 29, 1930 May 29, 1930
Los Angeles, California Los Angeles, California

It's A Lonesome Old Town Au Revoir-Pleasant Dreams
Ben Bernie and His Orchestra Ben Bernie and His Orchestra
Brunswick 4943-A Brunswick 4943-B
Matrix# C-6186- Matrix# C-6185-
ca. November 14, 1930 ca. November 14, 1930
Chicago, Illinois Chicago, Illinois
Note: These became his theme songs in subsequent years.

He's Not Worth Your Tears Can't You See I'm Lonely
Ben Bernie and His Orchestra Ben Bernie and His Orchestra
Brunswick 4976-A Brunswick 4976-B
Matrix# C-6538-A Matrix# C-6537-A
December 1930 December 1930
Chicago, Illinois Chicago, Illinois

On Revival Day - Part 1 On Revival Day - Part 2
Red Nichols and His Five Pennies Red Nichols and His Five Pennies
Brunswick 6026-A Brunswick 6026-B
Matrix# E-34626-A Matrix# E-34628-A
September 26, 1930 September 26, 1930
New York, New York New York, New York

A Pretty Girl Is Like A Melody Alice Blue Gown
Red Nichols and His Five Pennies Red Nichols and His Five Pennies
Brunswick 6826-A Brunswick 6826-B
Matrix# E-28326 Matrix# E-29294
October 2, 1928 February 16, 1929
New York, New York New York, New York
Note: Worn. In-studio bump at 3:01.


12-Inch Records

Poor Butterfly Can't Yo' Hear Me Callin' Caroline
Red Nichols and His Five Pennies Red Nichols and His Five Pennies
Brunswick 20062-A Brunswick 20062-B
Matrix# XE-26772 (26773 noted in Jazz Records: 1897-1942) Matrix# XE-26775
March 2, 1928 March 2, 1928
New York, New York New York, New York
Note: Worn.

Some Of These Days I'll See You In My Dreams
Red Nichols and His Orchestra (featuring His Five Pennies) Red Nichols and His Orchestra (featuring His Five Pennies)
Brunswick 20091-A Brunswick 20091-B
Matrix# XE-29996-A Matrix# XE-29995-A
June 7, 1929 June 7, 1929
New York, New York New York, New York
Note: Lamination cracks at beginning, but filtered very well. Note: Lamination cracks at beginning, but filtered almost as well.

Return To Front Page